Diseases You Can Get During the Rainy Season from Pests

anophelesfinal

The rainy season is here again! A lot of Filipinos are preparing their houses for the incoming typhoons and a lot of us are making sure we won’t get sick during one of the hardest seasons of the year. Illnesses that are brought by the rainy season are not just colds and coughs, although these are pretty serious too. We are going to talk about the illnesses we can get from the hitchhikers of storms: flying pests that spread serious diseases.

Apart from calling the best pest control in the Philippines that you can think of, you probably need to call a couple of doctors to learn about precautions you can take to avoid these awful diseases.

Malaria

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasitic protozoans carried by the Anopheles mosquitoes, and is transmitted to humans and animals alike. It was first discovered in the 1800’s but has existed as soon as agriculture developed 10,000 years ago. It used to be called marsh fever because it was associated with the marshlands.

It was French army doctor, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran who first observed parasites in red blood cells—the first time a protist was observed to have caused a disease. Sir Ronald Ross, a Scottish physician, studied the life cycle of the malaria parasite and proved that the mosquito was the vector for malaria.

Symptoms of malaria include convulsions, fever and chills, respiratory problems, abnormal bleeding, jaundice, and organ dysfunction. Malaria can easily be diagnosed if the symptoms are present, but there are no laboratory signs to indicate the severity of the organ dysfunction. Once your doctor suspects that you might have malaria, follow his or her orders. There is no malaria vaccine as of the moment.

Dengue Fever

Another mosquito-borne disease occurring more in tropical countries like those in Africa, Southeast Asia, The Pacific Islands and The Caribbean is Dengue Fever. It is caused by a Flavivirus that is able to inhibit immune system response once infected.

The first recorded case of dengue fever was in China during the Jin Dynasty. It was referred to as water poisoning and was associated with flying insects. In the 15th to the 19th centuries, an epidemic spread out of Africa due to the vector A. aegypti due to the slave trade. It swept across Asia, Africa, and North America. In 1906, it was confirmed that the Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue. After the Second World War, different strains of the disease spread to different places, one of which is the Philippines where the first reported severe case of dengue happened in 1953.

The symptoms for dengue fever usually manifests four to six days after being infected. These may include a sudden high fever, pain behind the eyes, severe headaches, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, vomiting, and skin rash. There no known antibiotics to fight dengue. The treatment is usually directed towards relieving each symptom.

Leptospirosis

It is a bacterial disease caused by Leptospira, a corkscrew-shaped pathogenic. Both animals and humans can be infected through direct contact with the urine of infected animals or a urine-contaminated environment. In the Philippines, people usually contract the infection through the floods due to strong typhoons.

The first description of Leptospirosis was made by Adof Weil in 1886, but the Leptospirosa pathogen was actually first observed in 1097. In 1908, it was confirmed as the cause of the infectious disease. In 1916, it was found to be present in rats.

Symptoms of Leptospirosis include high fever, chills, muscle pain, headaches, vomiting, skin rash, abdominal pain, and jaundice. Often people mistake these symptoms for other illnesses. It is treated with antibiotics like penicillin or doxycycline. Intravenous antibiotics are given to patients with severe leptospirosis.

We have to be very careful around dirty water during this rainy season, and be wary of the symptoms that can manifest. If you think you are infected by these illnesses, immediately go to your doctor to have treated. Stay safe and keep healthy everyone!

 

Hey There, Filipino! Your Roles In Preventing The Spread Of Dengue

TopBest - Prevent Dengue (Pest Control)

What are your roles in preventing dengue in the Philippines?

  1. Spread accurate information through social media
  2. Avail pest control services to handle mosquito infestation effectively
  3. Attend seminars conducted in the internet or in your area, if possible, in order to be educated and well-informed of dengue
  4. Maintain cleanliness in your environment in order to avoid mosquitoes from hanging out in your place

If you see your children suddenly rejoicing from out of nowhere at home, you might want to check outside, fellow mother. If it’s unnaturally hot and school’s out, you know what time it is: summer time! Your kids are definitely thinking about gimmicks with their friends, summer camps, every day visits to the mall, and similar activities.

But summer vacations aren’t just avenues to relax and enjoy. The intense heat and additional humidity draw mosquitoes and dengue. Yes, summer time is also dengue prevention month. As a not just a concerned mother, but a Filipino, you’ve got to spread the word to protect your fellow countrymen. Today, we’ll look at how you can do just that with social media, pest control here in the Philippines, seminars/reading, and cleanliness.

1. Social media

One of the first roles you can play in preventing the spread of dengue is through leading information dissemination. The easiest way to do that nowadays is to log on your social media account (like Facebook & Twitter), get articles from the Internet pertaining to dengue prevention, and share them on your news feed for everyone else to see. Some of the resources you can check on are the Department of Health (DOH); and the Center For Disease Control (CDC).

2. Pest control

Another role you can take is being the home protector. As the summer months draw on, you can expect mosquito presence to increase in and around your home. Your best tool against these winged pests is a professional exterminator service. Hire one like Topbest. They have experts who will fog, spray, and mist your home to keep those dengue-ridden mosquitoes away from your home.

Basically, there are numerous types of pest control that experts make use of in order to kill pests that lounges in your area. Some of these include:

Biological pest control

This type of pest control uses other organisms such as predators and parasites to control and handle pests. While this may be harmless to people, this may create biodiversity once performed without accurate knowledge.

For mosquitoes, experts use Bt Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. Israelensis. It is a bacteria that can infect and kill mosquito larvae. They are put in water sources where the mosquitoes may breed.

It’s one of the most ideal methods of controlling and getting rid of mosquitoes that one can do today.

Eliminating breeding grounds

The most well-known type of pest control is eliminating breeding grounds. This includes proper waste management, and emptying items that may still hold water.

This is important given that this is where the infestation starts, still water which may serve as a breeding ground for the mosquitoes, and unattended garbage which may provide food and shelter to these pests

Space fumigation and treatment

Space fumigation is an effective way to get rid of mosquitoes given that it includes gas in the process, which may kill all life stages of the said pests. Space treatment on the other hand, includes fogging or misting that does not require people from evacuating the space. Basically, it uses liquid insecticides to perform the fogging or misting.

3. Seminars

If you don’t know anything about mosquitoes and dengue, then it’s time to put on your information seeker hat. As with the first role, you can find these kinds of seminars easily on the Internet. While you’re at it, spread the word on your social media accounts and invite your friends to join in, too!

Another way to do that is read up on pamphlets and articles you can find about the dreaded mosquito-borne disease. You’ll be arming yourself with vital information on how you can prevent dengue, which in turn will help you apply these in your personal life. Speaking of, one vital piece of information you can find is…

4. Cleanliness

Dengue prevention is possible once you are able to adapt into the role of sanitation expert. A major mosquito (and dengue) magnet is any small body of water. These places serve as breeding grounds for new mosquitoes to come alive. In order to prevent the spread of dengue, you’ve got to eliminate water from catch basins and puddles outside your home and cover all water containers inside. Be sure to mop up any spoilt H2O as well, just to increase your chances.

Some other ways that you can maintain cleanliness on your surroundings and within your home and prevent dengue are as follows:

  • Clean your yard. Those untrimmed bushes, stuck garbage on your garage, and the damp wood that’s been left sitting along with the garbage should be removed and thrown away. Start cleaning your yard and make sure that it would not serve the mosquitoes a comfortable place to live in. After all, mosquitoes are fond of dark and damp places.
  • Do not leave your doors and windows open. While a breath of fresh air early in the morning may seem a good start for the day, do not leave it open at most times. Experts say that there’s a common misconception about mosquitoes that they will fly away into the sunlight when you leave your doors and windows open.
  • Spray insecticides regularly. Regularly doesn’t mean every day, it may be after a day or two so as not to stuff your home with too much chemicals. Spray them on dark areas, corners, cabinets, and crevices where insects may most likely hang out. Surely, you’ll see tons of dead insects the next day on the areas where you sprayed the insecticides. Furthermore, avoid doing the routine at times where there’s a lot of people in the house. As much as possible do it when everybody’s not around to avoid them getting exposed to the chemicals.
  • Apply insect repellents regularly. Insect repellents with ingredients DEET, picaridin, and IR3535 are the most effective in avoiding the risks of dengue. These ingredients help block the scent of the person against the mosquito’s sensors, thus avoiding mosquito bites.

We hope your children’s summer is fun and dengue free, as with your fellow Filipinos. If you know any other roles you can take to prevent the spread of dengue, let us know in the comments section below.

24 Scary Facts About Mosquitoes

24 Scary Facts About Mosquitoes

 

What are the 24 scary facts about mosquitoes?

  1. Mosquitoes can kill up to 1 million people yearly.
  2. Mosquitoes can pose a health risk to animals.
  3. Mosquitoes consume all kinds of food juices, garbage, and the side of trees.
  4. Mosqutoes are more attracted to women.
  5. Mosquitoes have killed more people than any other war in human history.
  6. A female mosquito can lay up to 300 eggs at once.
  7. Mosquitoes are the most lethal creatures in the planet due to the diseases that they are carrying.
  8. Mosquitoes suck blood to acquire protein.
  9. Only female mosquitoes suck blood.
  10. Mosquitoes have very poor eyesight.
  11. Mosquitoes tend to target people who are wearing dark clothing.
  12. Mosquitoes are attracted to carbon dioxide.
  13. Mosquitoes are more active during full moons.
  14. Certain species of mosquitoes are more active during the day, and during the night.
  15. The Zika Virus can be transmitted through blood, urine, and saliva.
  16. Bacteria that make the feet smell can attract mosquitoes.
  17. Sweat and cholesterol levels can play a factor in attracting mosquitoes.
  18. Mosquitoes don’t actually bite, as they only pierce the skin using a needle-like part called the proboscis.
  19. Atlanta is the US state in which mosquitoes are most dangerous.
  20. Mosquitoes can fly up to 25 feet high.
  21. Mosquitoes tend to target bigger people due to their poor eyesight.
  22. Mosquitos can live up to 2 months on average.
  23. Mosquitoes have been recorded to suck as much as 1.6 million gallons of blood.
  24. Mosquitoes prefer Type O blood.

 

Whenever we see mosquitoes in our surroundings, we do either shoo them away or kill them. For some reason, our mind is hardwired into thinking that any contact with a mosquito would be deadly to human beings. If you have a mosquito problem in your home, it would be best to call your local pest control service center for help.

Mosquito

Though it is a negative mindset, there is some truth in what we believe about mosquitos. Be it from experience or research, these pesky insects do cause harm to human beings. How? Read on to find out 24 scary facts about mosquitoes.

#1

Mosquitoes can kill as much as 1 million people annually. This is because the winged insects are carriers of diseases such as filariasis, dengue fever, yellow fever, malaria and encephalitis.

#2

Not only that, but mosquitoes also pose as a health risk to animals, as they are also carriers of dog heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis), where parasitic worms invade and live in the arteries or the right side of a dog’s heart, according to the American Heartworm Society.

#3

Mosquitos like to eat all kinds of food, juices, garbage and even the side of trees. Be careful since they’ll be attracted to picnics or areas with food. Take caution that a mosquito doesn’t bite you, because they might transmit whatever bacteria they got from garbage or dirty water they just drank from.

#4

Mosquitos are more attracted to feeding on women than men. Men, rejoice!

#5

According to an online slideshow from the Science Channel, mosquitoes have killed more humans than any other war in history.

#6

A female mosquito may lay 100 to 300 eggs in one go, and produce 1,000 to 3,000 offspring during her entire life.

#7

Aside from them having killed more humans than wars, mosquitoes are also the most lethal creatures on the planet, they also cause more human deaths than other animals because of the diseases they carry with them. A malaria-carrying mosquito kills 45 children every second in Africa, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Even if one would combine the number of human deaths recorded per year caused by sharks, snakes, bears, and lions, the number would still pale in comparison.

#8

The reason why mosquitoes suck your blood is because they need protein to feed their eggs. So if you see one trying to do so, remember: it’s pregnant.

#9

Also, only female mosquitos suck blood.

#10

If you’re wondering why mosquitos keep buzzing around you, instead of going straight for a part of your body to suck your blood, it’s because mosquitoes have very poor eyesight, notes Grimes. They use heat sensors to detect their next victim. Hence, people living in very warm and humid areas are more prone to mosquito bites. Lucky for those who live in cooler areas, like Baguio, for instance.

#11

Mosquito prefers to target people wearing dark clothing. This is probably due to their poor eyesight. It’s much easier to see a big blur of black or similar darker colors than lighter shades. That being said, avoid wearing clothes in dark shades when in a mosquito-prone area.

For the same reason, mosquitoes tend to bit blondes and redheads more than others.

#12

Mosquitoes are attracted to carbon dioxide, aka the breath we exhale. But, scientists have discovered a way to block their CO2 sensors. Having certain scents, like something minty, fruity, or something that smells like chocolate, will confuse mosquitoes and make it harder for them to target you as their next victim.

#13

Be aware of when the next full moon will happen because studies show that mosquitoes are more active during this time. The amount of bites that occur during a full moon 5 times more than average.

#14

Lethal mosquitoes work a shifting schedule, which means they can terrorize humans and animals 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. In the daytime, the Aedes species are primary terrorizers. Meanwhile, at night, Culex mosquitoes begin biting at dusk and while Anopheles feed on blood all night long.

#15

Evidence shows that the Zika virus may also be spread through tears, saliva, and urine. This is still being studied.

#16

The bacteria that people have when their feet smell bad is irresistible to certain types of mosquitoes. For this reason, you must always be sure to have good foot hygiene. Limburger cheese is made with the same bacteria, so you must also avoid eating and using this ingredient.

#17

Also, the human body produces over 340 chemical odors and a good number of them are attractive to mosquitoes. This makes the sweaty human body a dinner call to mosquitoes.

People with a high amount of steroids and cholesterol present in their skin tend to produce more of these attractive odors. Because of this, body builders and physically active people are 50% more prone to mosquito bites.

#18

Speaking of “mosquito bite”, the term is actually fallacious because mosquitoes have no teeth to bite with. The long pointed mouths of female mosquitoes, called the “proboscis”, is sharp enough to pierce skin and locate a capillary.

#19

Atlanta is ranked as the worst city in the United States of America in terms of danger from mosquitoes.

#20

Most mosquitoes can only fly up to 25 feet high. However, there have been records of certain species being able to reach high altitudes such as 8000 feet up in the Himalayas.

#21

Because of their poor eyesight, mosquitoes tend to favor preying on bigger people. This is why more adults get bitten over children.

#22

Mosquitoes live for 2 months on average, but females that hibernate can live up to 6 months.

#23

In the United States of America, mosquitoes been recorded to suck 1.6 million gallons of blood of people. This amount is equal to 4 blood transfusions.

#24

Mosquitoes prefer Type O blood twice as much as Type A blood. Somewhere in between those figure is their preference for Type B blood.

Key Takeaway

Knowledge is power, as they say. Armed with these 24 uncommon facts about mosquitos, we hope you are able to protect you and your family from these pesky, winged dangers.