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In order to win in any battle or war, you must know your enemy. How he/she looks, thinks, and acts. This will definitely give you a tactical advantage on how to best defeat them.
Aside from human wars, this insight also applies with termite control. There are many different kinds of termites. Each specie has its own physical trait and characteristics that make them unique from one another. In this article, we’ll look at the different kinds of termites so you can identify them and get a better treatment program from professionals.
As the name implies, these termites can be found underground. Though they make homes for themselves in mounds above ground, they are known to create intricate tunnel systems for themselves beneath the soil. These tunnels act as passageways for them to easily access food sources.
One must remember that termites need moisture to survive. Otherwise, the intense heat will kill them. The moisture found in the soil is more than enough to sustain them.
Subterranean termites eat only soft spring wood fiber. The holes they leave in their wake are as large as honeycombs found in bee lairs.
These kinds of termites have black-colored heads that are a bit larger than their bodies.
These are perhaps the most common wood-eating insects you can find anywhere. If happened to discover hollow tunnels or holes visible through your wooden furniture, you can be sure drywood termites have infested that particular area.
Unlike other species of termite, drywoods can live in dry areas much longer without the need for moisture, as they get all the moisture they need from wood they consume and its own metabolism to digest the cellulose-based material.
Another interesting fact about drywoods is that they also inhabit the wood they eat. Meaning your wooden table or chair is not only a choice food source, but also a home for them.
In terms of appearance, they are bit opposite from their subterranean cousins. Their heads are colored brown, a bit smaller in size, while their bodies are a bit larger.
Formosans are a kind of subterranean termite that are larger and don’t need to live in the soil to survive. They are also much larger than other termite species and are discernable with their yellowish-brown body color.
They are able to build cartons (nests made of undigested cellulose, soil, and chewed wood inside the colony) to retain water and moisture until such time that they are able to find a permanent source of water.
Formosan termites are also the most destructive termites. This is due not to their speed in eating, but their sheer size. The bigger they are, the more they are likely to consume larger portions of wood.
This termite specie can be found in damp, decaying wood such as logs, stumps, and dead trees. Like subterraneans, they need moisture to survive. They are much larger than subterranean termites and have a more proportionate body size when compared with other species. Due to their size, soldiers reach 20 mm in length, while swarmers 25 mm. They leave very little damage, with the signs of damage dependent on how decayed the wood is.
We hope this very detailed article taught you how to identify different termite species in your home. If you have any ideas or suggestions, sound off in the comments section below.