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4 Types of Termites and How to Identify Them

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Plenty of Filipinos rely on professional termite control services when they have unwanted guests in their home, like termites. These insects are often called the ‘silent destroyer’ since they can consume your floors, roofs, and even wooden furniture without you knowing. Termites are very stubborn and they never work independently; this means that if you see one, it’s likely that there’s an entire swarm or colony nearby.

The Silent Destroyer

Termites can make your dream home a thing of the past, as it can damage anything and everything that is made of wood. They tunnel through the wood paneling of your house, making miles and miles of channels for their brothers and sisters. What’s worst, termites can do all of this without your knowledge!

If you detect signs of termite infestation in your home, act fast; otherwise, they’re going to munch away at your home until it crumbles. As long as there is a possible feeding site in your house, they will continue to pester you. Aside from damaging your household, termites can affect your family’s health as well. They have been associated with sick building syndrome (SBS) which results to house dwellers getting sick. Usually people living in households infested with termites experience headaches and respiratory illnesses because of the fungi that they carry. 

4 Major Termite Species

In the Philippines, there are four major termite species. Check them below:

Luzon Point Headed Termite (Nasutitermes Luzonicus). These soldier termites don’t have mandibles or a pair of mouthparts used for biting food. They feed on the sap of trees as well as wood and they establish their colonies and nests in tree trunks. This type of termites are dark in color and they have pointed heads. Often, the mud tubes they create are narrow.

Los Baños Termite (Microcerotermes Losbanosensis). These termites got their name from the place where they were discovered. Compared to other types of termites, they are noticeably smaller in size than other termites. The mud tubes they create hang from ceilings and are very narrow.

Philippine Milk Termite (Coptotermes Vastator). This type of termites is native to Asia but it has spread in the United States. Their workers’ bodies are white, with limbs that are translucent. Meanwhile, their colony’s soldiers have dark brown abdomen, ovular heads, and mandibles that point forward. They are the most destructive termite species in the country; aside from feeding on wood, paper, and cardboard, they can also drill through rubber and plastic.

Mound Building Termite (Macrotermes Gilvus). These termites are dark in color and can be mostly found in gardens. In addition, they are considered as one of the larger termite species. Their mud tubes are broad and scattered; also – like the name suggests – they build mounds. They prefer softer wood but they also can feed on dry vegetation. Even if they are blind, they can sense light and they create the most elaborate fungus combs as well.

Termites are insects that can damage your home, as well as your health. If you notice signs of infestation, call termite exterminators immediately. These professionals will help you get rid of these silent destroyers and keep your home safe from further damages.


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